Why a rental contract ?
It is signed when a property is made available by a lessor to its tenant. It will include all the commitments and specific and general obligations of the parties throughout the lease term. There are several types of leases.
There is the lease of housing called the law of 89 which allows to rent unfurnished housing. The lessor is committed for an irrevocable period of 3 years and can issue a leave of absence with a 6 months notice by going for a serious reason such as the sale or willingness to resume it. The tenant, on the other hand, can give a holiday after a period of 1 or 3 months, depending on the geographical area, at any time.
There is the furnished lease. It is subject to an obligation on the part of the lessor in terms of furnishings and equipment. It is generally concluded for an irrevocable period of 1 year for the lessor, but may be for a period of 9 months when the tenant is a student. Lessee leave is possible at any time after one month's notice.
There is the professional lease. It is generally concluded with the liberal professions. It may not be suitable for a lessee whose business is commercial, industrial or artisanal. It commits the lessor over a period of 6 years with the possibility at the end to give a leave, respecting a notice of 6 months but without obligation to justify it.
There is the commercial lease. Or called 3/6/9 because of its durations of commitments of the parties. It commits the lessor over an irrevocable period of 9 years with tacit renewal and offers the commercial property of the premises to its tenant. The lessee is committed by irrevocable period of 3 years with a notice of 6 months in case of leave.